Boom corrections have been published by many authors. There is a distinct advantage in using isolated elements mounted through the boom tube so this mounting is most popular among amateurs. Elements in contact with the boom tube requires very good electrical contact since the currents are very high and a fraction of an ohm will cause significant ohmic losses. An insulated element is much less affected by the boom tube because there is a substantial magnetic field inside the boom tube that makes the inductance change much smaller. For these reasons we only give information about through hole insulated elements here on our amateur radio technical site.
For commercial/professional products we use elements in contact with the boom (welded) but the details is our company secret.
Figure 1 below shows the boom corrections currently in use among radio amateurs for through the boom insulated elements.
For comparison we have added a curve produced with
This curve is for a 5 mm diamater element of length 900 mm mounted
through a 7 mm hole on a boom, ranging from 20 to 60 mm. The
wall thickness is proportional to the boom tube diameter and
ranges from 1 to 3 mm.
Fig 1 Currently used boom corrections.
Tables scaled from cm to wavelengths so 70cm
The different results obtained by different experimentators are too large to depend on poor measurements. Direct evaluation of boom corrections by building long yagis with high Q (narrow bandwidth) is very tedious. One has to change all the elements to get reasonable accuracy so the amount of work required is really frightening!
For conventional yagi designs the uncertainty of the boom correction is not a major problem. For typical boom tubes on 144MHz the uncertainty is in order of 1mm which corresponds to a frequency error of about 100kHz.
It is obvious from a theoretical consideration that the magnetic field inside the boom tube gives a significant contribution to the inductance and that the wall thickness (or inner diameter) of the boom tube affects the magnitude of the correction. This is probably the main reason for the variations between earlier results.